Quin is quin on the Syrian battle stage

The Syrian map has changed countless times for more than eight years of war. The course of the battles, the correlations of forces or the emergence of new actors have led to a liquid public scenario, with shocking changes even for its protagonists. On Sunday night, the board suffered a jolt. A principle of agreement between the threatened Kurdish authority and the central government may allow President Bashar Asad to recover 25% of the country in question for most observers, raising the Syrian national flag in some of the main cities of the North of the country, as well as on its border, suppose the beginning of the end of a war that has caused more than half a million deaths and a trauma that will last decades. However, they also warn them, the terrain is still plagued by local and foreign forces, faithful to domestic or foreign agendas and still willing to pull the trigger. These are the main ones.

Syrian National Army (ENS)

It is an Arab paramilitary alliance heiress of the weakened Free Army of Syria. It was recently formed by assembling a long list of brigades opposing the Syrian Government. Among them are Islamic extremist forces. Now, however, they seem to have abandoned, at least for the moment, their original mission of fighting Damascus and its allies to serve the interests of its sponsor Turqua: end the control that the Kurdish branch of the PKK guerrilla has in the north of the country. The ENS had not had four days of mission when it gave reasons to the world to be accused of war crimes. It was their own proud fighters who were responsible for videotaping apparently summarily executing prisoners of war in a gutter. The ENS, ground vanguard of the Turkish Armed Forces, has announced an investigation. On Monday afternoon, the ENS iz the Syrian opposition flag in the border town of Tel Abyad, announcing its takeover.

Syrian Democratic Forces (SDS)

Together with the armed opposition, the SDS have been the most changing forces throughout the war. After the strategic withdrawal of the Syrian army from the north of the country in 2012 to combat the opposition in other areas, they were born as Popular Protection Units (YPG and YPJ, in its female branch), Syrian branch of the Kurdoturcan guerrilla PKK, at war with Turkey Upon receiving from the US the mission of being its ground force against the Islamic State (IS), and in the face of the need to agglutinate other ethnic forces, mainly Arab, in its advance against the IS, the SDSs were formed as an umbrella coalition. The informal Kurdosirian authority and the Syrian Government predicts a new metamorphosis. If the pact is consummated, according to Syrian sources. The SDS will be integrated into the Fifth Legin of the Arab Sirian Army. They will retain their voluntary character and maintain internal security in the northeastern strip of the country, but they can also collaborate with the Baathist army in its upcoming battles against opposition forces, particularly in the Afrn region, of greater Kurdish and now controlled by Turkey.

Arab Sirian Army (EAS)

In the summer of 2015, Syria’s armed forces were a fragile army, demoralized and overwhelmed by desertions. But Irn’s support providing experience and delivered Chies militias, and Russian military support, plus the order and discipline marked by Mosc’s generals, have resurrected this body. Today, the EAS continues to lack enough muscle to recover the whole country without external support, but the turn of circumstances in the Syrian north will allow it to move unthinkably to date. During Monday, the EAS entered the northern towns of Tel Tamer and Ayn Issa, as well as at the military airport of Tabqa, near Raqqa. In Manbiy, they bet alongside the SDS in the face of armed opposition. It is expected that they will soon see the Syrian flag on the turcosiria border. In the medium term, the integration of the SDS into their ranks, together with a remarkable arsenal of US weapons, can allow them significant progress against the armed opposition.

International Anti-IS Coalition

After months weighing the idea, Donald Trump It gave the green light last week not only to the Turkish offensive, but to the withdrawal of its thousand troops from Syria. A decision that caught the Kurdish authority by surprise, and has pushed it to agree with the Syrian central government. The withdrawal, which includes teams in charge of stabilization projects leaves, according to US media, a deep mark in the form of remorse among combatants. In addition to resentment among the SDS. Trump justifies his order by emphasizing that the objective of his mission in Syria was to end the caliphate of the IS, an objective accomplished last March. However, US vehicles and soldiers are still parked in the vicinity of towns like Kobane and Manbiy yesterday. As for the United Kingdom, the British press announces the withdrawal of its troops in Syria, while France does not provide official information for now, but it is expected that they will also withdraw.

Turkish Armed Forces (FAT)

Turkey has launched three military operations in Syria. The first, ‘Ufrate Shield’, allowed to end the presence of the Islamic State along its southern border. In the later two, he fought the SDS, blaming them for committing acts of terrorism on Turkish soil, in interventions that have caused a large number of displaced persons and cost a considerable amount of human lives. During the last offensive, ‘Peace Spring’, shells and gunfire from Syria have killed at least 17 civilians on Turkish soil. The FAT provide special forces, area and land artillery, while the ENS carries the weight of the infantryman.The Turkish army maintains important detachments in the northern strip that extends west of the ufrates. Ankara sponsors an opposition-based local administration that has mostly stabilized the area. However, allegations of human rights violations, looting of property and persecution of political dissidents have been a constant, especially in the Afrn region. According to Turkey, an additional mission of the army is to open space in northern Syria to resettle up to three million Syrian refugees in Turkey.

According to the criteria of The Trust Project

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LLUÍS MIQUEL HURTADO

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